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“One step at a time is enough, as long as the step you take is forward." Fiona WHAT IS NARCOLEPSY?

Narcolepsy is a chronic and incurable neurological disorder that impairs the brain’s ability to regulate the sleep-wake cycle.

Due to low awareness and misperceptions, it usually takes several years for people with narcolepsy to receive a diagnosis while even more are currently undiagnosed or misdiagnosed.

There are two types of Narcolepsy: narcolepsy with cataplexy (episodes of muscle weakness), and narcolepsy without cataplexy.


The main symptoms of narcolepsy with cataplexy are:

• excessive daytime sleepiness

• visual and auditory hallucinations

• sleep paralysis

• cataplexy (muscle weakness)

• disrupted night-time sleep

People with narcolepsy without cataplexy experience excessive daytime sleepiness.

For more information on these symptoms, go to:


Finding the most effective treatment for you is an individual process and one that can take time. While treatment options are limited in Australia, your symptoms can be better managed with a combination of prescribed medications, daytime naps, and lifestyle changes. Narcolepsy is a lifelong condition and just as your body will change over a lifetime, your treatment will also need to change to remain effective.

Closing the gap between opinions and facts about narcolepsy can only be done by listening to and learning from those living with it.” - Fiona


N - Narcolepsy can affect many aspects of our lives, including our self-esteem, our social interactions, and our quality of life.

A - Adapting and adjusting to life with narcolepsy is challenging and takes time. A combination of treatment medications, lifestyle changes, regular exercise, daytime naps and maintaining a regular sleep schedule can help.

R - Routines can help with symptom management, but adhering to them requires discipline, because to do so reduces our availability to others which can create feelings of guilt. Following a routine does not make us selfish, lazy, needy, or controlling. It makes us responsible and self-aware.

C - Cognitive impairment (brain fog) is often experienced by people with narcolepsy and can make it difficult to concentrate on tasks or conversations for too long, retain information, make decisions, and communicate our thoughts. Taking regular breaks, setting reminders, and writing things down can help.

O - Our mental and emotional well-being can be impacted by narcolepsy as well. For some, coming to terms with a life-altering and incurable medical condition means going through a grieving process. There’s no timeline, it’s different for everyone, and there are no right or wrong feelings.

L - Listen to your body and you will learn what triggers your symptoms and/or makes them worse. This knowledge and insight will help you find coping mechanisms that work for you.

E - Educate family, friends and loved ones on how narcolepsy impacts your life and how best they can support you, keeping in mind that their lives will be impacted as well.

P - Peer support and connecting with others via social media and online support groups can help you adjust and feel less isolated.

S - Side effects of medications are often overlooked, however it’s important to be aware of them. Any concerns you have should be discussed with your treating health practitioner as soon as possible.

Y - You will find some days harder than others and that’s okay. We all do. It takes courage and determination to live life with Narcolepsy. Remember that. You are strong. Narcolepsy strong!


Initiating, implementing, and maintaining long-term lifestyle changes for people with narcolepsy can be difficult. A holistic approach that considers your mental and social wellbeing as well as the symptoms is both important and necessary. Support and validation by peers who understand can also help you feel less alone and isolated. Sleep Disorders Australia runs a regular Living with Narcolepsy online support group where you can share your experiences with others who can relate. For further information on narcolepsy and how you can join our LWN Support Group please go to the narcolepsy page on SDA’s website

The information in this blog post has been made into a trifold brochure. If you would like a copy or if you would like us to send some copies to your doctor please let us know at

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